Chitin is a long-chain polymer, which is a derivative of glucose and one of themost abundant polymers in the natural world. Chitin is a primary characteristic component of the cell walls of fungi, exoskeletons of arthropods such as crustaceans or insects, the shells of molluscs and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods such as squidand octopuses. It is also found in small amounts in the scales and other soft tissues of fish and amphibians.
Though chitin (and chitosan) have sustainable sources of raw feedstock, these substances are highly sensitive to impurities or changes in make-up when used in medicinal, industrial and bio-technological purposes. Impure bulk chitin such as used in waste water treatment is at the bottom of the 'quality spectrum' with medicinal uses being at the top end of the quality-spectrum and prices are purely based on "consistency" of supply as chitin is used for very specific purposes in high-end pharmaceuticals.
Chitosan has been researched and scientifically investigated for a multitude of applications. The result is a wealth of knowledge garnered, allowing product development with benefits based on its Anti Microbial attributes, encapsulating Anti Bacterial, Anti Fungal as well as Anti Viral responses.
Chitosan is either manufactured as a hydrophobic or a soluble ingredient. This ensures each have unique applications.
An array of investigated applications are outlined as follows:
The HBS scientific team have developed and tested and delivered a diversified Chitosan product range. This extends HBS product offering, well beyond that of the obvious base products. We are excited about future scientific development and the truly amazing opportunities that the Black Soldier Fly presents to a Circular Economy.